Basic life support also known as BLS is the basic care that public safety professionals, first-responders and healthcare providers provide to anyone experiencing an obstructed airway, respiratory distress or cardiac arrest.
One of the first component of primary care paramedic program, basic life support training focuses on the knowledge and skills required to handle cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), using automated external defibrillators (AED) and relieving airway obstructions.
Basic Life Support Requirements
Basic life support is offered to patients in critical conditions and in addition to physical skills, BLS providers also need to have problem solving and critical-thinking skills. Working as a part of a team, provider has to ensure the best outcome for the patient.
Although, the program is designed for public safety and healthcare professionals. Understanding the basic medical terminology regarding BLS is an addition to knowledge for anyone planning to start a career as an emergency service provider.
Abdominal Thrusts: A first aid procedure to relieve airway obstructions in children and adults caused by foreign objects.
ACLS:Advanced cardiac life support is preeminent resuscitation course for the recognition and intervention of cardiopulmonary arrest or other cardiovascular emergencies.
Advanced airway: It encompasses various techniques to create a clear pathway by placing intubation tube is in place that leads directly to lungs.
AED: Automated external defibrillator, is used to analyze the heart’s rhythm and if necessary, deliver an electrical shock, to help the heart re-establish an effective rhythm.
Agonal breaths: Referred to an abnormal and shallow breathing which may sound like gasping. Usually occurs due to inadequate oxygen intake, it may happen for few breaths or could go on for hours.
Back slaps/chest thrusts: Choking rescue for babies, this maneuver help relieve airway obstructions.
BVM: Bag valve mask is a self-inflating bag attached to a non breathing valve and then to face mask that conforms to the face. This device is used by 2 or more rescuers to provide ventilation through the mouth and nose.
Cardiac arrest: It is a sudden loss of blood flow resulting from the failure of the heart to pump effectively and may result in abnormal or absent breathing and in death.
Chest recoil: Process of allowing chest wall to return to normal position after each compression.
Compression rate: Rate or speed of compressions delivered over 1 minute.
Cyanosis: Bluish discoloration, of the skin and membranes caused by the deoxygenation. It is divided in two main types – central which happens around the core, lips and tongue and peripheral, only the extremities or fingers.
Defibrillation: Used in emergency medicine, this technique is applied to terminate ventricular fibrillation or pulseless tachycardia. An electrical shock is given to reset the electrical state of the heart.
Esophagus: A muscular tube connecting the throat with the stomach.
Gastric inflammation: Term used for stomach inflating due to delivering rescue breaths to forcefully and/or quickly.
Head tilt/chin lift: Maneuver used to open the airway when no trauma is suspected.
Intubation: The process of inserting an endotracheal tube through the mouth and then into the airway. It is done to assist patient with breathing during anesthesia, severe illness or sedation.
Jaw thrust: Maneuver used to open airway when trauma is suspected. It is a first aid and medical procedure used to prevent tongue from obstructing the upper airways.
Myocardial infarction: Commonly known as a heart attack, happens when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart causing death of heart muscle.
Perfusion: Process of delivery of oxygen and nutrients throughout the body via arteries.
Post cardiac care: Care provided after resuscitation is complete.
Respiratory arrest: It is a condition that exists at any point a person stops breathing or is ineffectively breathing. It may or may not occur at the same time as cardiac arrest.
Trachea: Also known as the windpipe, that connects the larynx to lungs, allowing the passage of air.
The emergency dispatcher, also known as emergency telecommunicator or 911 dispatcher, is the public safety system’s lifeline. Being an emergency dispatcher can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience. However, the job comes with a lot of responsibility and many exciting challenges.
Emergency dispatchers typically have an interest in working with the tools, fixing practical things, helping people and enjoy working with the information and processes to keep things in order.
Qualities a Good Emergency Dispatcher Should Possess
Ability to Multitask
Responding to emergency calls can be stressful, and the ability to multitask is crucial. The emergency dispatcher needs to balance taking calls, take vital information, coordinate responders, assist callers while waiting for emergency personnel.
Using your training, you will need to prioritize and multitask effectively to ensure that everything runs smoothly and callers have adequate help.
Ability to Communicate – Clear, Compassionate & Confidence
The emergency dispatcher is the first contact point for people in dire situations and is responsible for a quick resolution. Working with law enforcement, emergency response teams and civilians, emergency dispatcher becomes one point contact for correct information that may help save lives.
As an emergency dispatcher, you need to communicate with clarity, compassion, and confidence while talking to people in the most disturbing situations. If you are a people person with a trait of assertiveness, this may very well be a suitable career.
Ability to Stay Calm in Stressful Situations
As an emergency dispatcher, you will be dealing with life-threatening situations day in and day out. The ability to stay in control and stay calm in such scenarios is necessary for this profession’s success.
Staying calm on this job will help you make critical decisions for successful operations and maintain a high service level. If you’re good at managing stress, there’s a good chance you could make an excellent dispatcher.
Attention to Detail
Dispatching is a very detailed-oriented job, and one must pay attention to the smallest of details. The dispatcher is in charge of guiding public safety personnel to the people in need. If you are good at identifying details and have a strong sense of responsibility, you may be able to succeed as an emergency dispatcher.
Easy to Adopt Technology
Emergency dispatchers usually work with specialized software, and in this profession, you might even be working with satellite-based systems. Even if you feel intimidated working with technology, it doesn’t mean you can’t become a dispatcher.
Software training during your certification for the emergency telecommunicator program will teach you everything you need to know. All you need is a willingness to learn.
The emergency dispatcher works in a high-stress environment and must choose wisely between tasks. The ability to quickly determine appropriate action when people call for help will help you succeed in this profession.
Apart from the qualities mentioned above, this job comes with specific physical demands such as:
Most dispatchers work in 8–12-hour shift, and overtime is expected in this occupation. Thus, it is crucial you can sit for long durations.
Ability to concentrate in a work environment with a moderate noise level
Do you think you have what it takes to become an emergency dispatcher?
Ontario Paramedic – Paramedics are the front line of healthcare in Canada, and trained professionals are always in-demand. The first step to start your journey as a Primary Care Paramedic is to get trained in an approved institution that can offer you skills and knowledge to work in this challenging field.
Ontario Paramedic Academy of BizTech College is committed to training aspiring paramedic professionals. For more than 7 years, we have helped students achieve their dream of becoming certified primary care paramedic.
Top Reasons to Choose Ontario Paramedic Academy
Approved by the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care
Our paramedic program educates students according to the curriculum approved by the ministry.
Short Duration Program
As a private career college, we follow the ministry approved curriculum; however, we expedite the study schedule without any breaks, which helps students complete the program within 60 weeks and get ready to take the certification exam – A-EMCA.
Preparation for the Certification
In Ontario, to become a primary care paramedic, students have to take the provincial exam – Advanced Emergency Medical Care Assistant (AEMCA). This one-day rigorous exam tests students on their knowledge of Basic Life Support Patient Care Standards, Advanced Life Support Patient Care Standards and the Pre-hospital Care Syllabus.
Our students are prepared with mock tests in all the related modules and practical aspects to thoroughly understand the concepts. An exceptional score of our students in AEMCA sets us apart.
Primary care paramedic program students are guaranteed 100% clinical placements. Divided into two sections, students are placed in a hospital emergency room to gain clinical experience and on-the-job experience via ambulance ride-outs.
This experience introduces students to the practical aspects of being a primary care paramedic, preparing for the upcoming exam, networking, and gaining first-hand experience.
At Ontario Paramedic Academy, quality matters. We ensure our students have a high-standard education that helps them become job-ready. Apart from the extensive curriculum, approx. 60% of the program focuses on rigorous practical training.
Our students get first-hand learning experience from practising paramedics, registered nurses and health science educators. What that means for students, experiential learning and training as if they are on-the-job.
Our stringent selection criteria ensure that you will be studying in a small group. Small class size allows our instructor to focus on you one-to-one. Apart from assisting you through the training, our instructors are ready to help you in any areas you lack.
85% Graduates Employed
Graduates of our primary care paramedic diploma program have been able to gain employment in Toronto Paramedic Services, Peel Regional Paramedic Services, Toronto Paramedic Services, Hamilton Paramedic Service, Niagara EMS, York Region Paramedic Services and Haldon Paramedic Services.
Ready to get started?
Paramedic Academy of BizTech College is the only facility in the Greater Toronto Area to offer short duration program. Located in Mississauga’s central hub, we are easily accessible to applicants from Toronto, Mississauga, Brampton and Oakville.
Emergency medical responders (EMRs) go through extensive training and are prepared for testing situations. Job is demand, and they play a vital role in saving lives before medical help arrives. Job includes making life and death decisions every day and comes with its own share of stress.
Many traits make emergency medical responders apt for the job. Here are seven must-have vital characteristics.
Anyone in emergency medical services must have an iron stomach, or they won’t last long. Blood, broken or several limbs, spilt guts are everyday encounters on-the-job. While responding calls, one has to be prepared for most horrifying situations and assist without hesitation.
Emergency medical responders work as a part of a large team, and if you are someone who loves flying solo, it won’t be the right fit for you.
EMRs need to ride with someone and work together to provide the required medical support to help patients. They also need to coordinate with nurses and emergency staff. So, in such tense situations, one needs to be ready to work well with people.
Calm Under Pressure
‘Emergency’ is the keyword in the job title, and you could be walking into a panicked situation, as an emergency medical responder, your ability to not get caught up in the chaos and deliver the required aid. People’s lives are dependent on your ability to stay calm and handle the situation effectively.
Emergency medical responders work in various work settings such as long-term care homes, care facilities, oil and gas sectors, search and rescue and at the events. There is a certain degree of physical ability required to lift completely immobilized patients and heavy equipment.
In addition to physical fitness, EMRs are expected to have a high level of emergency medical knowledge and the best outcome for the patient. Knowledge of First –aid, CPR to successful intubation is also essential.
It is an unpredictable job, and emergency medical responders need to be flexible to adapt to any situation. Everything moves fast, and you would have to respond in a matter of minutes based on the case. Depending on the work setting, you will have to adapt to the culture and be open to learning as per job requirements.
You will interact with patients and their families in highly emotional situations. You should have the ability to act professionally and caring whilst keeping a check on the situations. You should know how to not let stressful situations overwhelm you, engage in emotional self-care and take care of your mental health.
Emergency Medical Responder Certification at Paramedic Academy, Mississauga
Paramedic Academy of BizTech College, Mississauga offers 44 Hours Emergency Medical Responder Certificate that provides knowledge and skills needed for appropriate patient assessments, interventions, and ongoing care, including patient transportation to a healthcare facility.
Paramedic terminology can be complicated and may differ from what you may expect in regular medical training. Paramedics are highly trained professionals who perform lifesaving procedures in extreme situations.
A call to 911 ambulance is not something you would want to be part of your day, but there is some paramedic terminology you might want to know if it happens.
10 paramedic terminology phrases everyone should know:
This phrase referred to the collapse of the circulatory system function and decreased blood pressure from an allergic reaction. Caused by an allergic reaction to medications, bee stings, other insect bites and certain foods, it can be a life-threatening condition that can result in death if not treated immediately. What can you do in case of anaphylactic shock?
Not a life-threatening situation, it refers to the uncontrolled rapid heartbeat in the atria of the heart. If left unattended, it can cause blood clots which can cause a stroke.
This paramedic terminology indicates the medical response according to the urgency of the patient’s condition or illness. It also refers to deciding the order of treatment for a large number of casualties and patients.
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
Commonly known as CPR, a lifesaving procedure used when the patient has stopped breathing or heart has stopped beating. It combines hand pressure on the chest for blood circulation and breathing into the patient’s mouth to introduce air into the lungs. It is one of the procedures that anyone can learn and can come in handy in emergency situations.
Also known as heart attack, cardiac arrest refers to the sudden cessation of the heart function – temporary or permanent. Paramedics use an Automatic External Defibrillator as soon as possible.
Advanced Life Support (ALS)
Paramedic terminology for advanced level emergency care, the procedure involves responders administer invasive lifesaving procedures such as intravenous (IV) infusions, tracheal intubation, electrocardiogram interpretation and medication administration.
Supra- Ventricular Tachycardia
It denotes a life-threatening condition to synchronized rapid contraction of heart ventricles, causing decreased cardiac function and if left untreated or corrected can cause death.
A collapsed lung can be caused by trauma to chest cavity (fractured rib, trauma from a knife, bullet or another sharp object), smoking, drug abuse and certain lung diseases.
Ventricular Tachycardia (VT)
A fast, abnormal heart rate in the heart’s ventricular section, this condition reduces cardiac function in the heart’s lower chambers. Potentially life-threatening if it progresses to V-fib.
Ventricular Fibrillation (V-fib or VF)
It refers to abnormal heart rhythm with no cardiac output. An electric defibrillator gives an electric shock to correct this condition, allowing the heart to return to a normal rhythm. It can be a life-threatening situation if not repaired immediately.